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Introduction to using structural analysis software for the analysis of simple structures/structural components.

Introduction to Surveying, Types of land surveys; Instruments, Topograhpic maps and its interpretation, Measurements and Errors; Units; Types of Errors; Precision and Accuracy; Error Propagation.

Standard consistency, initial and final setting time of cement sample using Vicat’s apparatus; Soundness of given sample of cement and lime by (Le-Chatelier test, autoclave test); Compressive strength of cement sample; Fineness of cement using (dry blank sieving, Blaine’s air permeability method) Specific gravity and water absorption of coarse aggregate; Fineness modulus and particle size distribution, shape test and abrasion test of coarse, fine, and all in aggregates; Consistency & workability of freshly mixed concrete (slump & compaction test); Cube strength and cylinder strength of concrete of given proportion and given water cement ratio; Tensile strength of steel; Compressive strength and water absorption of burnt clay bricks and stone samples. Background on stones, bricks, tiles, cement, steel, concrete, paints and polymers with relevant discussions of IS code provisions; concrete mix design; durability of concrete.

Earth Materials: Structure of Solid Earth, Rock cycle, Common rock forming minerals, Types of rocks and its engineering properties, Soils: processes of formation, soil profile and soil types, Geophysical methods of earth characterization; Earth Processes: Concept of plate tectonics, sea-floor spreading and continental drift, Origin of oceans, continents, mountains and rift valleys, Earthquake and earthquake belts; Volcanoes: types products and distribution; Deformation in Earth’s interior, Faults, Folding and Joints; Dynamic behavior of Earth Surface and role of hydrosphere: River processes, Surface water hydrology, Hillslope processes, catchment erosion processes, Coastal Processes, Groundwater and karst processes; Applications in Civil Engineering and Environmental Management. Study of physical properties of minerals and rocks in hand specimen 2.

Open channel flow; Computations in gradually varied flows and rapidly varied flows; Mathematical description of flow and sediment transport;1-D/2-D/3-D computations in river flows; Dam break flow on rigid and mobile beds; Meandering of rivers; River training works including flood protection due to river overflow,levee, river bed lining,bridge pier protection due to river water flow; Design of bridges, dams, spillways; Irrigation control structures; Indian standards related to river engineering; Flow measurements in rivers; Physical modeling of river flows; Protection of river water from pollution; Introduction to various Indian agencies (CWC, NIH, CWPRS etc.); Field trip to a river; Project work .

Open Channel Flow: Uniform flow, Critical flow, Gradually varied flow (GVF), Computations in GVF, Sediment transport, Design of canals, Hydraulic jump, Flow past sharp- and broad-crested weirs, Design of spillways, Flood routing, Dam-break flow, Hydraulic design of bridges Pipe Flow: Head losses in pipes, Pipe network analysis, Transients in pipes, Detection of leak and partial blockage Flow measurements and laboratory scale modeling Earthquakes: structure of earth, movement of plates, types of faults, P wave, S wave, surface waves, characterization of earthquakes and earthquake-induced ground motion; response spectra for individual ground motion records, site-specific response spectra, design spectra; single-degree-of-freedom systems; multi-degree-of-freedom systems; analysis, design and detailing of RC frames based on state-of-the-art and various codes IS 456, IS 1893 & IS 13920; Special topics: selection and scaling of ground motions, characterization of seismic hazard, seismic analysis and design of bridges, retaining walls, liquid-storage tanks, dams etc., design of non-structural components, passive structural control Stability of slopes, stability analysis, seismic analysis, probabilistic analysis, design of earth embankments and dams; Earth pressure theories; Earth retaining structures: rigid and flexible, Braced excavation; Reinforced earth structures; Buried structures, Case studies.

Study of topographic sheet and analysis of hillslope and watershed features 3.

Drawing profile sections and interpretation of geological maps of different complexities.

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